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Refugees / ANDENKEN A.D. WELTKRIEG; FLIGHT
« Last post by Henry Scott Goodman on February 25, 2020, 09:59:52 PM »


FLIGHT

1915, Cast Bronze, 45.2bb x 39.2mm, 18.75g, UNC, Ernsting WVZ 114b, unrecorded variety.  Henry Scott Goodman Collection

Heart-form with slightly concave field with remnants of graduated and raised edge. The image and script are raised sculpturally.

OBVERSE: On the grass covered ground a crucifix with an INRI plate at top leans back, and to the left. On the cross is Christ emanating aural light from his head; at the base rests a family of refugees. On the left is a little boy with hands raised in prayer; on the right is a young mother in three-quarter profile holding a baby. An old man with beard stands in profile facing left, he has his hands raised in prayer. He wears large boots and carries the family’s personal belongings on his back (pots, pans, baskets). In the exergue of the medal the raised script of 1914-15. The artist’s initials L G are located at the top on the triangular attachment.

REVERSE: An empty rectangular tablet. On the upper edge, diagonally from left to right, is a sword with its tip lowered and a wreath of leaves near its handle. On the left and right of the tablet are two eight-pointed stars. Raised script arches across the field from left to right and reads, ANDENKEN A. - D.WELTKRIEG (In Memory of the World War).

Rarity: R-8

Known Examples: 3 (1 silver, 1 bronze, 1 iron)
Number in Museum Collections: 1 (iron) located at Vienna, Kunsthistoriches Museum (Art History Museum).
Number in Private Collections: 2 (1 silver, 1 bronze)
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Refugees / ANDENKEN A.D. WELTKRIEG; BANISHED
« Last post by Henry Scott Goodman on February 24, 2020, 10:23:32 PM »


BANISHED

1915, Cast bronze, 46.7mm x 43.8mm, 23g, UNC, Ernsting WVZ 112a, unrecorded variety.  Henry Scott Goodman Collection

Heart-form with convex obverse surface, and multi-staged edge. Concave reverse surface with multi-staged edge. Loop for suspension.
Both sides have the image and script raised sculpturally.

OBVERSE: In the middle an oven with ruinous, yet smoking chimney; on the right a young female with long hair, holding a swaddled baby, to the left of her two children sitting on the oven’s edge, to her feet, right, a little girl and left, a cat arching its back. On the left, an old bearded man, a little child holding his left hand with both her hands. Signed in the exergue with an L G.

REVERSE: A long rectangular empty tablet, above a German pickelhaube, the chinstrap entwined with a wreath, a garland of leaves lying across the tablet’s corners. Inside the garland-semicircle: ANDENKEN A. - D.WELTKRIEG (In Memory of the World War).

Rarity: Unique in Bronze
Known Examples: 2 (1 bronze, 1 iron, unchased)
Number in Museum Collections: 0
Number in Private Collections: 2

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Ludwig Gies / Leben und Tod
« Last post by Henry Scott Goodman on February 23, 2020, 04:48:16 PM »

LEBEN UND TOD
(Life and Death)

Ludwig Gies 1911, Cast, two-sided, bronze medal, 63.4mm, 68.20g, Edge-Punch: „C.POELLATH SCHROBENHAUSEN“, Ernsting WVZ 5.  Henry Scott Goodman Collection.

Obverse/Reverse exhibit the same field with a multi-profiled, stepped border: each depicted above an exposed ground line with pearl ends; the image motifs are sculpturally raised in form.
 
Obverse: In profile to the left, a Centauride leaping over a thorn bush with a crown and a diaphanous drapery of flowing robes, in her raised right hand a bowl with a fountain and water running over the edge.

Reverse:  In profile to the left on an emaciated lion crouches death as a skeleton, on his head a similar crown as the Centauride of the obverse, over his right shoulder a scythe, holding an hourglass with both hands.  Below the bottom line raised LUDW• - GIES• inscribed.

Transferred from Poellath at the end of 1911.  Probably the first work within the framework of the early pieces created by Gies with allegorical and mythological themes.

Rarity: R7 Extremely Rare (4-12)

One (1) known in private collection
London, British Museum, Department of Coins and Medals;
Munich, Staatliche Münzsammlung (National Coin Collection);
Paris, Musée d’Historie Contemporaine (Museum of Contemporary History);
Ramat Aviv, Kadman Numismatic Museum;
Schrobenhausen, Heimatmuseum;
Vienna, Kunsthistoriches Museum (Art History Museum)

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Anton Grath / St Michael
« Last post by Rabenauge on February 18, 2020, 04:47:42 PM »

Anton Grath.  1915. 

TU UM DEIN  ——  SCHWERT  ——  ZÄUM' AUF DEIN ROSS / UND ZEUCH  ——  VORAN  ——  DEM HEERE! / ES GILT —— DIE  ——  DEUTSCHE EHRE / SANKT MICHEL SALVA NOS (put on your sword, bridle your horse and lead the army!  It stands for German honor.  St Michael save us).  Single-sided cast iron, blackened, 68.00 mm, 61.60 g.  Vorzüglich (extremely fine).

Haloed saint in knight's surcoat to left, upright lance right hand, sword left side, mounted on standing warhorse, arched necked, long, combed mane; four-lined title legend separated by image; last line in exergue; year date 1915 center below horse's belly; artist's signature A. GRATH lower right above exergue.

Cf: Weisser, B., "Medailleure in Deutschland während des Ersten Weltkriegs, Teil 11: Theodor von Gosen und Anton Grath", MünzenRevue Heft 9, 2015, pp. 37 - 43 (text and illustration, pp. 42 - 43, bronze example).

The legend on this medal is taken from the first verse of an 1899 poem "Der deutsche Michel" by the Austrian poet and priest Ottokar Kernstock (1848 - 1928), later transcribed as a choral work by Arnold Schönberg among others: "Sankt Michel, der vor Gottes Thron / Hält mit den Engeln Wache, / Du bist der Deutschen Schutzpatron; / Entscheide unsre Sache! / Tu um dein Schwert, zäum' auf dein Roß / Und zeuch voran dem Heere! / Es gilt die deutsche Ehre! / Sankt Michel, salva nos! (St Michael, who stands guard with the angels before the throne of God, you are the Germans' patron saint; decide our cause!  Put on your sword, bridle your horse, and lead the army!  It stands for German honor!  St Michael save us) (Weisser, pp. 42 - 43).  The Archangel (St) Michael is the patron of military forces in many Roman Catholic countries.
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Anton Grath / St George
« Last post by Rabenauge on February 18, 2020, 04:42:51 PM »

Anton Grath.  (1915?). 

SANKT JÖRG (St George)---- DEUTSCH ALLERWEGE AN DER / DONAU UND AM RHEIN ! (German throughout from the Danube to the Rhine).  Single-sided cast bronze, light brown patina, 69 mm, 73.4 g.  Vorzüglich (extremely fine); ink inscription (antique German longhand) on blank reverse: 11.57/18 — / Köllach.

Haloed saint, in medieval knight's surcoat, on horseback to right, sharply reins horse and drives lance downward into mouth of bat-winged dragon under horse's hooves; title legend name left, double legend right; artist's signature A GRATH in exergue.

Cf: Klose, Dietrich O. A.  2016. Europas Verderben 1914 1918: Deutsche und österreichische Medaillen auf den Ersten Weltkrieg, p. 123: 9.10 (iron example).
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Oskar Thiede / A free, new Austria
« Last post by Rabenauge on February 04, 2020, 04:31:52 PM »

Oskar Thiede.  (1918?).  EIN FREIES  ——  NEUES REICH (a free new realm).  Single-sided cast iron, blackened, 71.2 mm, 126.06 g.  Vorzüglich (extremely fine).  Rare.

On a ground line in front of flaming ruins, slender, naked man, en face, legs apart, both hands swinging immense flag displaying heraldic arms of Austrian provinces; title legend center left, center right, separated by flag; artist's signature O・THIEDE in exergue; raised rim.

Cf: Die Medaille der Ostmark.  1938.  Wiener Bund für Medaillenkunst, p. 40, no. 62; pl. 70.  Listed as premium (bonus) medal of the Medaillenvereinigung der Genossenschaft der bildenden Künstler, Wien (Medal Consortium of the Co-operative of Visual Artists, Vienna).

Commemorates the establishment of a republic in Austria (the mostly German-speaking provinces of the Austro-Hungarian Empire) following the military collapse and breakup of the Empire in October 1918.  The newly-established state initially sought union with Germany, but this intention was denied by the Allied Powers, and the Treaties of St Germain and Versailles (1919) expressly forbade such a union.  Following this failure, the name of the country was changed to the Republik Österreich.  Presumably this medal celebrates the hoped-for Deutsch-Österreichische Republik rather than the separate state enforced by the peace treaties.
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Georg Leschnitzer / Medical Officer Dr Schlacht
« Last post by Rabenauge on January 24, 2020, 03:41:27 AM »

Georg(?) Leschnitzer.  1917. 

STABSARZT DR. SCHLACHT, CHEF DES GROSS BERLINER VERWUNDETEN TRANSPORTWESENS (Medical Officer Dr. Schlacht, Head of the Greater Berlin Transport System for the Wounded).  Cast iron, blackened, 100.0 mm, 367.05 g.  Vorzüglich - gussfrisch (extremely fine - as-cast).  Scarce.

Obverse: Profile portrait bust to left in military collar, close-cropped hair, small up-turned mustache, Schmisse (fraternity dueling-scars) left cheek; title legend around edge from lower left. 

Reverse: On ground line, two medical orderlies transport wounded man on legged, semi-reclining stretcher from left to right; upper center legend KRIEGSJAHRE (war years); inscribed year dates 1914  -  1917 in exergue under ground-line; pearled border.

Other than a listing from Leipziger Münzhandlung Heidrun Höhn,  Auktion 73, 12 January 2011, lot 489, I have to date (Jan 2020) found no other published record for this medal.  Neither have I seen any other medal made by Leschnitzer (presumably the Berlin sculptor Georg Leschnitzer) nor found any further information about Dr Schlacht.  Any additional information would be welcome.
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Erzsébet von Esseö / Ruhr 1923
« Last post by Rabenauge on January 24, 2020, 03:36:40 AM »

Elisabeth (Erzsébet) von Esseö (Esső).  1923. 

R U H R —— 1 9 2 3.  Cast bronze, dark brown patina, 70.6 mm, 73,87 g.  Vorzüglich (extra-fine).  Very rare.

Obverse:  On substrate of skulls, an en face French-African colonial soldier, naked except for an Adrian helmet and a short leaf-skirt, holds two naked bodies, woman at left, man at right, by the scruffs of neck; horizon line across center field; title legend upper edge; artist's monogram  encircled ƎE at lower right; gradually rising rim. 

Reverse: Over idealized industrial Ruhr landscape of towering chimneys and (phallic?) silos, the large-scale radiant head of the Reichsadler to left; artist's monogram  encircled ƎE at center right; gradually rising rim.

Cf: Huszár, Lajos, and Béla Procopius. 1932. Medaillen- und Plakettenkunst in Ungarn, p.  202: 1956.  Mis-titled as "RUHR - 1924" (i.e. with incorrect year date).

This medal expresses popular outrage at the brutal French occupation of the Ruhr Valley (1923 - 1925) following Germany's inability to meet its war-reparations payments.  French troops in both this action and the earlier occupation of the Rhineland (1919 - 1923) involved some African colonial troops.  Germans considered the employment of these "racially inferior" soldiers a deliberate humiliation, and the press sensationalized incidence of crime, sexual and otherwise, as shaming, especially to German women.  Esseö's medal Die schwarze Schmach (black outrage) memorializes the Rhineland Occupation, for which the present medal is a fitting companion.
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Erzsébet von Esseö / Black Shame
« Last post by Rabenauge on January 24, 2020, 03:32:57 AM »

Esseö, Elisabeth (Erzsébet) von.  1923. 

DIE ・ SCHWARZE ・ SCHMACH ・ 1919 -- 1923 ・ (Black Humiliation 1919 - 1923).  Cast bronze, chocolate-brown patina, 73 mm, 101.85 g.  Gußfrisch (as cast).  Very rare.

Obverse: Full face of African man, eyes half-lidded, lips slightly open, materializing from surface field; below visage two spermatozoa swim up diverging left and right; title legend encircling edge; dates lower center edge. 

Reverse: Female figure turned slightly to right, clad only in diaphanous palla draped over head, left hand raised to brow; at her feet, left and right, tangles of serpents; artist's monogram encircled, ligatured ƎE in exergue.

Cf  Huszár, Lajos, and Béla Procopius. 1932. Medaillen- und Plakettenkunst in Ungarn, p. 201: 1952.

This medal refers to the French occupation of the Rhineland (1919 - 1923), in part by African colonial troops.  Germans considered garrison of these "racially inferior" soldiers a deliberate humiliation, and the press sensationalized and exaggerated incidence of crime, sexual and otherwise, as shaming, especially to German women.  Children born of liaisons, consensual or not, between French-African men and German women were referred to as die Rheinlandbastarden (Rhineland bastards), and many were later sterilized under the Nazi regime.
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Jan Wysocki / St Barbara
« Last post by Rabenauge on January 18, 2020, 04:24:58 PM »

Jan Wysocki.  1914. 

SANCT — BAR= / BARA — ORA / PRO — NOB (St Barbara pray for us).  Cast bronze, dark brown patina, burnished highlights, 31.34 mm, 13.97 g.  Edge-punch KARL PÖLLATH  —  SCHROBENHAUSEN.  Vorzüglich (extremely fine).

Obverse: On low ground-line, haloed, crowned, and robed St Barbara standing contrapposto, in right hand an upright cannon barrel, in left the palm frond of martyrdom; three-line title inscription separated by figure, left and right respectively; above inscription ornamental scrollwork to either side of figure; artist's monogram incised intertwined IW lower left; pearled border separated by image within raised rim. 

Reverse: On a ground-line, heavy artillery piece aiming to upper left; at lower left, upright shell; legend ARTILLERIE — IM WELTKRIEG (artillery in the World War) around upper edge separated by image; year-date 1914 in exergue; raise rim.

Cf: Schulman.  1916.  La Guerre Européenne, Catalogue LXV, p. 84: no. 802.

Cf: Bernhart, Max.  1917.  Die Münchener Medaillenkunst der Gegenwart, pl. 62, nos. 413, 413a.

Cf: Frankenhuis, M.  (1919?).  Catalogue of Medals - Medalets and Plaques Relative to the World War 1914 - 1919, p. 82: no. 611 ("Medal by W").

Cf: Klose, Dietrich O. A.  2016.  Europas Verderben 1914 1918: Deutsche und österreichische Medaillen auf den Ersten Weltkrieg, p. 124: 9.13.

Artillery piece depicted on reverse is a Škoda 30.5 cm Mörser (siege howitzer), likely model 1911.

Saint Barbara, one of the Fourteen Holy Helpers, is the patron saint of mining and artillery, associated with the latter through fire, explosions, and sudden death, as visited on her pagan father by a lightning strike following his decapitation  of his daughter in reprisal for her conversion to Christianity.  The saint's patronage of artillery forces is found throughout the Western World.
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