Recent Posts

Pages: 1 ... 8 9 [10]
91
Erzsébet von Esseö 1883-1954 / Horthy - Battle Cruiser Novara
« Last post by Rabenauge on December 22, 2019, 08:48:41 AM »

Esseö, Elisabeth (Erzsébet) von.  1916.

・M・VON・HORTHY・KOM・S・M・S・NOVARA・ (Miklós von Horthy, commander of SMS Novara).  Cast yellow bronze, 38.0 mm; 19.4 g; vorzüglich (extra-fine), slightly worn surface.  Scarce.

Obverse: head-and-neck profile portrait to left, dolphin below; artist's monogram, encircled, ligatured ƎE to right; title legend around rim; pearled border. 

Reverse: battle cruiser, full front, firing to left, above waves, legend ・ANO・D・ - MCMXVI・ (anno domini - 1916) top edge; pearled border.

Cf: Schulman.  1918.  La Guerre Européenne, Catalogue LXX, p. 125: 1416 (medallist not credited).

Cf: Frankenhuis, M.  1919(?).  Catalogue of Medals - Medalets and Plaques Relative to the World War 1914 - 1919, p. 54: 389 (medallist not credited).

Cf:  Huszár, Lajos, and Béla Procopius. 1932. Medaillen- und Plakettenkunst in Ungarn, p. 199: 1921; plate XXVIII.

Cf: Kluge, B., and B. Weisser.  2014. Gold gab ich für Eisen, p. 109: A 25 (iron example).


Commemorates Horthy's command of the light cruiser SMS Novara in the Battle of the Strait of Otranto, the largest battle of the war in the Adriatic and a victory for the Austro-Hungarian naval forces.  Following the First World War, Horthy became regent of Hungary, serving until the German occupation of Hungary in 1944.
92
Erzsébet von Esseö / PAX 1919
« Last post by Rabenauge on December 22, 2019, 07:32:03 AM »

Esseö, Elisabeth (Erzsébet) von.  1919. 

PAX  ——  1919 (Peace 1919).  Cast bronze, dark verdigris patina; 68 mm, 86.76 g; vorzüglich (extremely fine).  Very rare.

Obverse: Woman's head (but see Huszár/Procopius below), full face with frowning brows, downcast, near-closed eyes, downturned mouth, wearing sallet-style helmet; title inscription left and right, respectively, at eye level. 

Reverse: Three stylized, elongate heraldic shields of Germany, Hungary, and Austria; beneath shields OP・ (opus) followed by artist's monogram encircled, ligatured ƎE.

Cf: Schulman.  1919(?).   La Guerre Européenne, Catalogue LXXV, p. 98: 900.

Cf:  Huszár, Lajos, and Béla Procopius. 1932. Medaillen- und Plakettenkunst in Ungarn, p. 200: 1926 ("Marskopf" [head of Mars]).

Cf: Jones, M. 1979. The Dance of Death: Medallic Art of the First World War, p. 32: 54, and outside rear cover (in color).





British Museum Replica.  1979.  Struck bronze, bright verdigris patina, 64.6 mm (British Museum description gives 63 mm), 86.0 g.  Edge-punch BMPL (British Museum Publications Limited).  Despite smaller size, splotchy patina, and edge-punch, inexperienced collectors and dealers may be fooled when first encountering this piece.
93
Karl Ott / Ausmarsch 1914
« Last post by Rabenauge on December 21, 2019, 12:04:19 PM »

Karl Ott  1914 

AUSMARSCH / 1914 (march-out, departure).  Single-sided, cast iron, blackened, 85.35 mm, 100.10 g.  Vorzüglich (extremely fine).
 
From the three-windowed balcony of a peaked-roofed house, three women wave and strew flowers over eight ranks of soldiers marching on the street to left; two-line title inscription in exergue with stepped border left and right; artist's signature K・OTT along lower right edge.

Cf: Frankenhuis, M.  1919(?).  Catalogue of Medals - Medalets and Plaques relative to the World War 1914 - 1919, p. 83: 622.

Cf: Salaschek, Sunhild.  1980.  Katalog der Medaillen und Plaketten des 19. und 20. Jahrhunderts im französischen und deutschen Sprachraum in der Hamburger Kunsthalle, I (text): p. 276: no. 1154; II (Studien und Tafeln): pl. 84 (iron example).

Cf: Klose, Dietrich O. A.  2016.  Europas Verderben 1914 1918: Deutsche und österreichische Medaillen auf den Ersten Weltkrieg, p. 38: 2.2 (bronze example).

Commemorates the departure of German armies toward Belgium and France, depicting a common scene in the heady first weeks of war enthusiasm.
94
Karl Ott / God is with us
« Last post by Rabenauge on December 21, 2019, 12:00:55 PM »

Karl Ott.  1914. 

GOTT ——  MIT UNS ● (God is with us).  Single-sided cast bronze, medium-brown patina, 75 mm, 65.51 g.  Edge-punch C.POELLATH   —   SCHROBENH..  Vorzüglich (extremely fine).

A lightly-armored knight on horseback, bare-headed, hands clasped in prayer, rides to left over a multi-headed, coiling hydra stretched beneath the horse's hooves; title legend upper edge; two-line inscription A・D / 1914 center left; artist's signature K・OTT in exergue; pearled edge, raised rim.

Cf: Bernhart, Max.  1915.  Kriegsmedaillen bayerischer Künstler, pl. XVII: 90.

Cf: Bernhart, Max.  1917.  Die Münchener Medaillenkunst der Gegenwart, pl. 37, no. 265.

Cf: Frankenhuis, M.  1919(?).  Catalogue of Medals - Medalets and Plaques Relative to the World War 1914 - 1919, p. 80: 601.

Cf: Klose, Dietrich O. A. 2016.  Europas Verderben 1914 1918: Deutsche und österreichische Medaillen auf den Ersten Weltkrieg, p. 118: 9.1.


A hydra representing Germany's and Austria-Hungary's multiple enemies facing a mythical or Medieval hero became a widespread trope of graphic and medallic art in 1914.  On examples such as this one, the individual hydra heads are characterized by caricatured representatives of the the Allied Powers, e.g. a bear for Russia, a rooster for France, a bulldog for Britain.
95
Walther Eberbach 1866-1944 / For Italian loyalty
« Last post by Rabenauge on December 21, 2019, 10:30:31 AM »

Walther Eberbach.  1916.

FÜR∙LATEINISCHE∙BUNDES∙ / TREUE / 1915 / TRIENT 1916 FRIAUL (for Latin [=Roman] alliance-loyalty 1915 - 1916, Trento, Friuli).  Cast iron, lightly blackened, 70 mm, 92 g.  Edge-punched DS 84  54 (indicating [Freunde der] Deutsche Schaumünze 84, [cast number] 54).  Vorzüglich (extremely fine), light spotting of finish.

Obverse:  Death, portrayed as a skeleton kneeling on left leg, strangles the Roman Wolf; four-line title inscription in exergue; artist's monogram interlaced EW∙ upper left; raised rim. 

Reverse: Within a double-lined edge, a pentagonal cartouche formed of "vertebral" borders; five-line inscription AN / SIDNEY / SONNINO / DEN∙REDEGE / WANDTEN (to Sidney Sonnino the eloquent); Edelweiss bloom below inscription; raised rim.

Cf: Schulman.  1917.  La Guerre Européenne, Catalogue LXVII, p. 74: 675 D.

Cf: Frankenhuis, M.  1919(?).  Catalogue of Medals - Medalets and Plaques Relative to the World War 1914 - 1919, p. 183: 1499.

Cf: Steguweit, W.  1998.  Das Münzkabinett und die Förderung der Medaillenkunst: Künstlerbriefe 1914-1918 Medaillenedition (Das Kabinett 5), p. 98: 14; pl. 3.

Cf: Klose, Dietrich O. A.  2016.  Europas Verderben 1914 1918: Deutsche und österreichische Medaillen auf den Ersten Weltkrieg,  p 115: 8.33 (an example with a simpler reverse dedication "SIDNEY SONNINO / zugeeignet," probably the first version).

Cf: Lipp, Peter.  2018.  Heilbronn geprägt und gegossen: Stadtgeschichte auf Münzen und Medaillen vom Mittelalter bis heute, p. 182: no. 431.


The Edelweiss is likely a reference to the Alpine region around Trento (Triente).

Eberbach also produced this medal in bronze, possibly immediately after war's end when restrictions on bronze were lifted.

When the terms of the Triple Alliance (Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy, formed in 1882) expired in 1915, Italy secretly concluded the Treaty of London with the Triple Entente (Great Britain, France, Russia), enticed by the promise of postwar territorial gains, including Trento and Friuli and adjacent areas under Austro-Hungarian control.  Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs Sydney Sonnino sanctioned the secret treaty, and Italy declared war on Austria-Hungary in May 1915 and Germany in August 1916.
96
Walther Eberbach 1866-1944 / The Last Grenadier
« Last post by Rabenauge on December 21, 2019, 03:37:57 AM »

Walther Eberbach.  1916. 

・DER・JÜNGSTE・ —— GRENADIER・ (the Last Grenadier - see below).  Cast iron, lightly blackened,  70.0 mm, 93.03 g.  Edge-punched DS 145  18 (indicating [Freunde der] Deutsche Schaumünze medal number 145, [cast number] 18).  Sehr schön - vorzüglich (fine - extremely fine): surface finish somewhat spotted, especially on edge, but without corrosion.  Scarce.

Obverse: Death portrayed as a skeleton, wearing Iron Cross on breast, advances to left amidst smoke of battle, his left hand raised back overhead preparing to hurl smoking stick-grenade, his right hand behind him holding a second one, three more at his belt; title legend upper edge, separated by figure; artist's signature ・W∙EBERBACH∙ / ∙1916∙ in exergue; artist's monogram interlocked EW lower left; raised rim. 

Reverse: at center of field within double-lined and decorative circle, a Kugelhandgranate (ball hand-grenade); two-lined legend around center, reading inner legend from bottom (6 o'clock) ●EISERNER・GRUSS・NACH・VIER・FRONTEN (iron greeting to four fronts); outer legend with four names, at top (12o'clock) ∙∙GREY∙∙  —— ∙SALANDRA∙  ——  ∙ISWOLSKI∙  ——  ∙DELCASSE∙; a single dot centered above each name; raised rim with decorative border of "peaks and pearls."
 
Cf: Frankenhuis, M.  1919(?).  Catalogue of Medals - Medalets and Plaques Relative to the World War 1914 - 1919, p. 184: 1504.

Cf: Steguweit, W.  1998.  Das Münzkabinett und die Förderung der Medaillenkunst: Künstlerbriefe 1914-1918 Medaillenedition (Das Kabinett 5), p. 100: 25; pl. 5.

Cf: Klose, Dietrich O. A.  2016.  Europas Verderben 1914 1918: Deutsche und österreichische Medaillen auf den Ersten Weltkrieg,  p 274: 22.21.

Cf: Lipp, Peter.  2018.  Heilbronn geprägt und gegossen: Stadtgeschichte auf Münzen und Medaillen vom Mittelalter bis heute, p. 186: no. 440.

The four names on the reverse refer to Edward Grey, British Foreign Secretary, 1905 - 1916; Antonio Salandra, Italian Prime Minister, 1914 - 1916, who concluded the secret Patto di Londra (Pact of London) with Great Britain, ensuring Italy's renunciation of the Triple Alliance and entry into the World War on the side of the Allies; Alexander Petrovich Iswolsky, Imperial Russian Foreign Minister, 1906 - 1910, whose policies led to the Anglo-Russian Entente of 1907, and who served as Ambassador in Paris, 1910 - 1917; and Théophile Delcassé, French Foreign Minister 1898 - 1906, who concluded the Entente Cordiale with Great Britain, served as Ambassador to Russia in 1914, then Minister of War until his retirement in 1915.

This medal is part of a "Totentanz" series, of which Eberbach completed 12 double-sided round medals cast in blackened iron, with a few of those designs - perhaps post-war issues - in bronze. 

Although the title of this design, "Der Jüngste Grenadier" is usually translated as "the youngest grenadier," the adjective "jüngst" can also mean "newest," "most recent," or in other contexts "final," "ultimate," "last," e.g. "das Jüngste Gericht" (the Last Judgement).  Thus we are reminded that Death is, here as in so many other cases, not only the newest, but also the ultimate manifestation: the Last Grenadier!
97
Arnold Zadikow 1884-1943 / Death as bagpiper
« Last post by Rabenauge on December 20, 2019, 03:58:03 AM »

Arnold (Aharon) Zadikow.  1915. 

"Der Tod als Dudelsackspieler" (Death as a Bagpiper).  Single-sided, cast yellow bronze,  approx. 69.0 mm (not precisely round); 69.71 g.  Gussfrisch (as cast), fine patina.  Exceptionally rare.

Death personified as animated, skeletonized cadaver, dressed as Scottish regimental bagpiper in Glengarry cap and kilt, playing bagpipes, striding to left, towering over two opposing lines of cavalry; three aeroplanes upper left; year date 1915 in exergue with artist's monograms, encircled A and encircled Z, left and right respectively; raised rim.
 
Cf: Bernhart, Max.  1917.  Die Münchener Medaillenkunst der Gegenwart, pl. 64, no. 419.

Cf: Frankenhuis, M.  1919(?).  Catalogue of Medals - Medalets and Plaques Relative to the World War 1914 - 1919, p. 100: 776.

Cf: Fearon, D.  2009.  "'Out of the Barbed Wire': a newly discovered medal design by Arnold Zadikow," The Medal, no. 54 (2009), pp. 45 - 47 (iron example illustrated).

Cf: Klose, Dietrich O. A.  2016.  Europas Verderben 1914 1918: Deutsche und österreichische Medaillen auf den Ersten Weltkrieg,  p 271: 22.17 (bronze example illustrated).

Cf: British Museum Department of Coins and Medals (example in iron) http://www.britishmuseum.org/research/collection_online/collection_object_details.aspx?objectId=3096480&partId=1&searchText=zadikow&page=1


Zadikow designed seven single-sided medals cast in iron and/or bronze in the "Totentanz" series.
98
Hans Lindl / D'Annunzio 1915
« Last post by Rabenauge on December 20, 2019, 03:22:25 AM »

Hans Lindl.  1915. 

D'ANNUNZIO  BEGEISTERT —— ITALIEN  ZUM  KRIEG (D'Annunzio inspires Italy to war).  Cast bronze, 73.0 mm, 112 g.  Gussfrisch (as cast).  Rare in bronze (also issued in iron).

Obverse: D'Annunzio to right, in top hat and tails, standing in clouds, brandishing sword in his right hand, reads  proclamation held in his left to cheering crowd below; legend upper edge, broken by speaker's hat; in exergue MAI 1915 (May 1915). 

Reverse: Death, personified as skeleton, to right, sharpens sword on pedal-grindstone; legend VORBEREITUNG ZUM EINTRITT  ——  IN - - DEN  WELTKRIEG ∾ (preparation for entrance into the world war) separated by Death's head and sword; artist's initials H —— L in exergue.

Cf: Schulman.  1918.  La Guerre Européenne, Catalogue LXX, p. 28: no. 344 ( iron example).

Cf: Frankenhuis, M.  (1919?)  Catalogue of Medals - Medalets and Plaques Relative to the World War 1914 - 1919, p. 185, no. 1508.


In May 1915, the renowned Italian poet Gabrielle D'Annunzio returned to Italy after living for five years in France and began urging his countrymen to join the Allied cause.  He made a series of speeches culminating with a powerful oration given 17 May in Rome, in which, while brandishing the sword of Nino Bixio, Garibaldi's most aggressive lieutenant, he exhorted listeners to sweep away the old order and to wage pitiless war.  His words engendered a wave of enthusiasm resulting in a riot in which hundreds were arrested.  One week later Prime Minister Salandra took Italy into the World War (Hughes-Hallett, L. Gabrielle D'Annunzio: Poet, Seducer, and Preacher of War, 2013, pp. 29-30).
99
Arnold Zadikow 1884-1943 / Death as fisherman (Totentanz)
« Last post by Rabenauge on December 19, 2019, 03:31:10 AM »

Arnold (Aharon) Zadikow.  1915. 

"Der Tod als Fischer" (Death as fisherman).  Single-sided cast bronze, approx. 70 mm (not precisely round); 67.85 g.  Vorzüglich (extremely fine).  Exceptionally rare!

Death personified as animated, desiccated cadaver, dressed as fisherman wearing wading-boots, facing left, hauls in net with ships ensnared; year date 1915 lower right, artist's monogram encircled interlaced AZ center-right edge; raised rim.

2nd example: Image and design as above; single-sided cast iron, lightly blackened with lightly oxidized patina, approx. 71 mm (not precisely round), 55.65 g.  Fast vorzüglich (near extremely fine), small corrosion spots along rim and edge.  Exceptionally rare!


Cf: Klose, Dietrich O. A.  2016.  Europas Verderben 1914 1918: Deutsche und österreichische Medaillen auf den Ersten Weltkrieg, p 271, 22.16 (iron example).

Zadikow designed seven single-sided medals cast in iron and/or bronze in his "Totentanz" (Dance of Death) series.  Totentanz imagery in Central Europe dates back to the Medieval Period and is most famously exemplified in the Early Modern woodcuts of Hans Holbein.  A number of German medallists made such series during the First World War, and varied forms of the motifs continue to be used by artists today.
100
Wilhelm Hejda / Our Cavalry
« Last post by Rabenauge on December 19, 2019, 03:04:02 AM »

Wilhelm Hejda.  1917. 

VNSERE KAVALLERIE (our cavalry).  Struck zinc, 90.55 mm, 228.35 g.  Vorzüglich (extremely fine), with almost no evidence of corrosion commonly observed on zinc medals.

Obverse: Filling entire field right to left, charging cavalryman on spirited mount draws his sword; in foreground, genius of victory, largely concealed behind a furled flag with spearpoint finial and laurel wreath, reaches up proffering victor's laurels; title inscription on undulating banner lower right; artist's signature W∙HEJDA9/1916(?) upper right edge; raised rim. 

Reverse: Within three concentric dashed circles, Greek cross, arms marked with vertical lines (denoting red in standard heraldic monochrome representation), each bearing year date: 1914 (left), 1915 (top), 1916 (right), 1917 (bottom); blank center square with letters KKB; between arms of cross, radiances of wavy lines and jagged angles; surrounding cross within raised dashed rim legend ♦︎ROTES KREUZ-KRIEGSHILFSBÜRO-KRIEGSFÜRSORGEAMT (Red Cross; War Assistance Office; War Welfare Office).

Cf: Schulman.  1919.  La Guerre Européenne, Catalogue LXXIII, p. 77: 762 (iron[?]).

Cf: Frankenhuis, M.  1919(?).  Catalogue of Medals - Medalets and Plaques Relative to the World War 1914 - 1919, p. 56: 412.

Cf: Die Medaille der Ostmark.  1938.  Wiener Bund für Medaillenkuns, p. 16, no 19.


One of a series of donation medals for the three relief organizations, all with the same pattern on reverse and with obverses designed by various medallists with images or allegories of various military service branches.
Pages: 1 ... 8 9 [10]