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21
Margit Valsassina / "Archaic warrior / St Christopher
« Last post by Rabenauge on April 11, 2020, 03:19:23 AM »

Margit Valsassina*.  1917. 

"Archaic warrior" (obverse) / "St Christopher" (reverse).  Hexagonal cast iron, blackened, 69.7 x 60.0 mm, 56.43 g, delicately oxidized patina.  Vorzüglich (extremely fine), slight abrasions to blackening.

Obverse: On raised ground-line exergue, archaic Greek warrior in corselet and crested helmet striding to left alongside bridled horse; in left hand diagonal lance and round shield with ship motif; right hand trailing behind, dragging crocodile (dragon?) skin; two-line inscription WENN UNS NICHTS MEHR ÜBRIG BLIEB / SO BLIEB UNS DOCH EIN SCHWERT (if nothing more remained to us / there yet remained a sword) in exergue; poet's name E. v. —— GEIBEL beneath inscription, left and right, respectively; year date 19 [Iron Cross] 17 at lowest point of hexagon; artist's monogram interlaced MV lower left above exergue; thin raised rim. 

Reverse: Above raised ground-line exergue, robed St Christopher with staff exits river on stepping stones to right, frame bent under the weight of haloed Christ Child on  shoulders pointing right; diagonally descending line, left to right, across background; two-line inscription WENN DIE NOT NICHT EISEN BRICHT / DAS EISEN BRICHT DIE NOT (if distress breaks not the iron / the iron shall break distress) in exergue; poet's name E. v. —— GEIBEL beneath inscription, left and right, respectively; year date 19 [Iron Cross] 17 at lowest point of hexagon; artist's monogram interlaced MV lower right on stone above exergue; thin raised rim.



Margit Valsassina*.  1917.  "Archaic warrior".  Hexagonal single-sided cast iron, blackened, 111.37 x 90.77 mm, 183.27 g.  Integral suspension hanger at top point of hexagon.  Vorzüglich (extremely fine).

Image, inscriptions, and signature as above description obverse, but upper edge with double-stepped raised border rim, outer and wider band contiguous with raised exergue.  (There also exists a single-sided companion piece of St Christopher image, also with hanger.) 

Cf: Wipplinger, Eva.  1992.  Medaillenkünstlerinnen in Deutschland.  Staatliche Galerie Moritzburg Halle, p. 128 (ancient warrior; single-sided example with integral hanger).

Cf: Klose, Dietrich O. A.  2016.  Europas Verderben 1914 1918: Deutsche und österreichische Medaillen auf den Ersten Weltkrieg,  p. 62: 4.6 (two single-sided plaquettes with integral hangers treated under same entry).

*Pseudonym of sculptress Margarethe Klementine Maria von Österreich, Fürstin (Princess) v. Thurn und Taxis (1870 - 1955.

Inscriptions drawn from a verse of "Kriegslied" (war song) by Emanuel von Geibel (1815 - 1884): Und wenn uns nichts mehr übrig blieb, / So blieb uns doch ein Schwert, / Das zorngemut mit scharfem Hieb / Dem Trutz des Fremdlings wehrt; / So blieb die Schlacht als letzt' Gericht / Auf Leben und auf Tod; / Und wenn die Not nicht Eisen bricht, / Das Eisen bricht die Not. (And if not more remained to us, / There yet remained a sword, / That with sharp and wrathful blow / Resists the malice of the foe; / So battle stayed as final judge / Over life and death; / And if distress then breaks not iron / The iron shall break distress - my (un-poetic) translation).
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Arnold Zadikow 1884-1943 / World in Flames
« Last post by Rabenauge on March 30, 2020, 02:59:04 PM »

Arnold (Aharon) Zadikow. 

1915 (obverse) / DIE WELT —— IN FLAMMEN (the world in flames - reverse).  Cast bronze, medium-brown patina, some burnishing, 65.57 mm, 102.61 g.  Vorzüglich (extremely fine).  Rare.

Obverse: Two out-size naked men kneel on top of globe showing Eastern Hemisphere and struggle against each other; year date top center between them; artist's monogram encircled, interlaced AZ lower left; raised rim. 

Reverse: Vertical sword center, point downward towards calotte of earth from which erupt flames to either side; title legend upper edge, divided by image; roped rim.

Cf: Bernhart, Max.  1917.  Die Münchener Medaillenkunst der Gegenwart, pl. 64, no. 416, 416a.

Cf: Frankenhuis, M.  1919(?).  Catalogue of Medals - Medalets and Plaques Relative to the World War 1914 - 1919, p. 99: no. 766.

Cf: Jones, M. 1979. The Dance of Death: Medallic Art of the First World War, p. 6: no. 10A, 10B (iron example).

Cf: Klose, Dietrich O. A.  2016.  Europas Verderben 1914 1918: Deutsche und österreichische Medaillen auf den Ersten Weltkrieg,  p. 268: 22.9 (bronze example).

23
Arthur Storch / Hawk-eagle and snake
« Last post by Rabenauge on March 29, 2020, 07:10:37 AM »

Arthur Storch.  1910. 

EROEF - FNVUNG / DES■ZO - OLOG● / GAR - TENS / MVEN - CHEN / ★ 1 9 1 0★ (opening of the Zoolog[ical] Gardens Munich 1910).  "Hawk-eagle and snake".  Cast bronze, verdigris patina, 73.9 mm, 143.17 g.  Vorzüglich+ (extremely fine+).  Rare.

Obverse: On conifer branch, hawk-eagle perched, to right, with snake writhing in talons.  Inscription V. ——  Z.G. (V[erein] Z[oologischer] G[arten] - Association of the Zoological Gardens) left and right, respectively; artist's monogram ligatured AST・ lower left; slightly concave field, relief images and letters; raised rim. 

Reverse: Growing upwards at center from pearled ground-line stylized Robinia(?) with drooping branches across upper field; five-line title inscription divided by tree trunk; year date in exergue; relief images and lettering; raised rim.

Cf: Habich, Georg.  1909/10.  "Eine Medaillen-Konkurrenz" in Kunst und Handwerk 60, p. 235: no. 436, 437.

Cf: Köcke, Ulrike.  1975.  Katalog der Medaillen und Plaketten des 19. und 20. Jahrhunderts in der Kunsthalle Bremen, pp. 142 - 143, ills. 154, 155 (see note below).

Cf: Salaschek, Sunhild.  1980.  Katalog der Medaillen und Plaketten des 19. und 20. Jahrhunderts im französischen und deutschen Sprachraum in der Hamburger Kunsthalle, I (text): p. 393: no. 1625; II (Studien und Tafeln): pl. 116.

Cf: Heidemann, Martin.  1998.  Medaillenkunst in Deutschland von 1895 bis 1914. Die Kunstmedaille in Deutschland, Band 8, pp. 320, 470: no. 1057-01).

Köcke (p. 143) refers to a variant reverse for this medal illustrated in Bernhart, M., Die Münchener Medaillenkunst der Gegenwart, 1917, pl. 54: 365, but this is a misunderstanding.  The reverse of the medal shown in Bernhart's image 365 is in fact the reverse of image 367, depicting a Black Rhinoceros on the obverse.  Both sides of the rhinoceros medal are shown and labeled in Heidemann (p. 470: 1057-05) Vs and 1057-05) Rs). 
 
Most descriptions of this medal label the bird as a "Harpyie" (i.e. Harpy Eagle Harpia harpyia), but that is clearly not the species depicted.  It is, rather, a generic hawk-eagle or another crested eagle-like raptor, but it is impossible to be more accurate.

The Verein Zoologischer Garten München e.V. [eingetragener Verein] (Association of the Zoological Garden, Munich, registered association) was founded in February 1905, and opened the Zoo to the public 1 August 1911.  In 1909 and 1910, Arthur Storch designed a series of eleven medals of various sizes, depicting different animals, to commemorate the inauguration.  The present medal is one of the largest of the group.
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Hans Schwegerle / Walpurgisnacht
« Last post by Rabenauge on March 28, 2020, 04:16:37 PM »

Hans Schwegerle.  (1907). 

WALPURGIS / NACHT (St Walpurga's Night).  Cast bronze, brown patina, 64.54 mm, 60.04 g.  Edge-punch ✽ (6 o'clock).  Fast gussfrisch (near as-cast).  Scarce.

Obverse: Naked "witch" flying to right on a broomstick held in her left hand, her long, curling tresses trailing behind her as she turns head to her right and switches broom with forked stick in right hand; owl flying in front of her to right; two-line title inscription lower center; artist's initials ligatured HS in cartouche; hammered background. 

Reverse: Six-line inscription ✶ / ES∙TRÆGT∙DER∙BESEN / ∙TRAEGT∙DER∙STOCK∙ / DIE∙GABEL∙TRAEGT∙ / ES∙TRÆGT∙DER∙BOCK / ✶  (the broom carries one, the stick carries one, the pitchfork carries one, the buck [goat] carries one); hammered background; raised rim.

Cf: Habich, Georg.  1909/10.  "Eine Medaillen-Konkurrenz" in Kunst und Handwerk 60, p. 231: no. 418 (obverse).

Cf: Bernhart, Max. 1917.  Die Münchener Medaillenkunst der Gegenwart, pl. 46, no. 335 (obverse).

Cf: Heidemann, Martin.  1998.  Medaillenkunst in Deutschland von 1895 bis 1914. Die Kunstmedaille in Deutschland, Band 8, pp. 364, 487: no. 1295 (obverse illustrated).

Cf: Hasselmann, Wolfgang.  2000. Hans Schwegerle - Medaillen und Plaketten, p. 29, no. 14a (hammered background).


Production records from Carl Poellath, Schrobenhausen, indicate 29 examples were cast in bronze (Hasselmann, p. 29).  Hasselmann (p. 28) also records, and illustrates an example, that two rougher trial-casts were produced with smooth background.

St Walpurga, among her other powers, conferred protection against witchcraft, and bonfires were often lit on the eve of the saint's day to drive away evil sprits.  Walpurgisnacht was also the traditional night of a great witches' sabbath on the Brocken, the highest peak in the Harz Mountains.  In one of the more comic episodes of Faust: First Part of the Tragedy, Mephistopheles and Faust participate in the supernatural celebration.  The quote on the reverse is from 4000 - 4004 of the famous poem.
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Arthur Storch / "Monkey" (Munich Zoo opening)
« Last post by Rabenauge on March 28, 2020, 10:25:09 AM »

Arthur Storch.  (1909/1910). 

Cast bronze, medium-brown patina, 30.20 mm, 13.51 g.  Vorzüglich (extremely fine).

Obverse: Profile spider monkey walking along leafed branch to left, face to viewer, tail raised and curled above back; Artist's initials A.ST in exergue formed by branch; pearled border. 

Reverse: Stylized laurel-wreath border, three-line inscription ✻ / V Z / ✻ G ✻ (V[erein] Z[oologischer] G[arten] - see below); raised rim.

Cf: Habich, Georg.  1909/10.  "Eine Medaillen-Konkurrenz" in Kunst und Handwerk 60, p. 235: no. 445 (ill. obverse).

Cf: Salaschek, Sunhild.  1980.  Katalog der Medaillen und Plaketten des 19. und 20. Jahrhunderts im französischen und deutschen Sprachraum in der Hamburger Kunsthalle, I (text): pp. 395 - 396: no. 1634; II (Studien und Tafeln): pl. 117.

Cf: Heidemann, Martin.  1998.  Medaillenkunst in Deutschland von 1895 bis 1914. Die Kunstmedaille in Deutschland, Band 8, pp. 320: no. 1057- 10) (not illustrated).

The "Zoologischer Garten München e.V. [eingetragener Verein]" (Zoological Garden, Munich, Registered Association) was founded in February 1905, and opened the Hellabrunn Zoo (Tierpark Hellabrunn) to the public 1 August 1911.  In 1909 and 1910, Arthur Storch designed a series of eleven medals of various sizes, depicting various animals, to commemorate the inauguration.
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Arthur Storch / "Bear" (Munich Zoo opening)
« Last post by Rabenauge on March 28, 2020, 10:14:44 AM »

Arthur Storch.  (1909/1910). 

"Bear and snake."  Cast bronze, medium brown patina, 24.5 mm, 8.95 g.  Vorzüglich (extremely fine).

Obverse: Walking bear to left on ground-line; slithering snake to right under pearled exergue line. 

Reverse: Stylized laurel-wreath border, three-line inscription ✻ / V Z / ✻ G ✻ (V[erein] Z[oologischer] G[arten] - see below); raised rim.

Cf: Habich, Georg.  1909/10.  "Eine Medaillen-Konkurrenz" in Kunst und Handwerk 60, p. 235: no. 443 (ill. obverse).

Cf: Salaschek, Sunhild.  1980.  Katalog der Medaillen und Plaketten des 19. und 20. Jahrhunderts im französischen und deutschen Sprachraum in der Hamburger Kunsthalle, I (text): p. 395: no. 1633; II (Studien und Tafeln): pl. 117.

Cf: Heidemann, Martin.  1998.  Medaillenkunst in Deutschland von 1895 bis 1914. Die Kunstmedaille in Deutschland, Band 8, pp. 320: no. 1057- 11) (not illustrated).


The "Zoologischer Garten München e.V. [eingetragener Verein]" (Zoological Garden, Munich, Registered Association) was founded in February 1905, and opened the Hellabrunn Zoo (Tierpark Hellabrunn) to the public 1 August 1911.  In 1909 and 1910, Arthur Storch designed a series of eleven medals of various sizes, depicting various animals, to commemorate the inauguration.  The present medal is the smallest of the group.
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Arthur Storch / Peter Gustaf Dorén
« Last post by Rabenauge on March 28, 2020, 10:09:15 AM »

Arthur Storch.  1912. 

∾PETER✶GUSTAF✶DORÉN✶.  Cast bronze, medium-brown patina, partly burnished, 71.8 mm, 135.48 g.  Vorzüglich (extremely fine).

Obverse: Profile portrait bust in frock-coat to right; title legend in double-lined border. 

Reverse: Profile peacock to left, head turned back to right, in front of stylized orange tree, in upper half of field; pearled exergue line; four-line inscription DEN・22・MÄRZ / ∾ 1887 ∾ / D・22・MÄRZ / ✶1912✶ (22 March); artist's initials A∙ST∙ at left above exergue.

Cf: Salaschek, Sunhild.  1980.  Katalog der Medaillen und Plaketten des 19. und 20. Jahrhunderts im französischen und deutschen Sprachraum in der Hamburger Kunsthalle, I (text): p. 396: no. 1635; II (Studien und Tafeln): pl. 117.

Cf: Heidemann, Martin.  1998.  Medaillenkunst in Deutschland von 1895 bis 1914. Die Kunstmedaille in Deutschland, Band 8, pp. 125, 377: no. 103.


25th anniversary celebratory medal.  Peter Gustaf Dorén (1857 - 1942) Swedish decorative painter; trained in Sweden, continued studies in Düsseldorf, Paris, and Hamburg; from 1887 managed an atelier for decorative painting and the "Werkstätte für Wohnungskunst" (Studio for Home Decor) in Hamburg.
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Rudolf Bosselt / Boerdeverein
« Last post by Rabenauge on March 27, 2020, 03:37:17 AM »

Rudolf Bosselt.  1912. 

ERSTE / JAHRESGABE / DER BOERDE // VEREIN DER BILDEN / DEN KUENSTLER UND / KUSNTFREUNDE / IN MAGDEBURG / DEZEMBER / 1912 (First year's offering of the Börde Association of Visual Artists and Friends of Art in Magdeburg, December 1912).  Cast bronze, medium-brown patina, 71.8 mm, 130.42 g.  Vorzüglich+ (extremely fine+).

Obverse: Naked youth kneeling to right planting a small leafless sapling with both hands in ground-line exergue; artist's signature BOSSELT lower left in exergue. 

Reverse: Nine-line title inscription.

Cf: Losse, Vera.  1995.  Rudolf Bosselt: Erneuerer der deutschen Medaillenkunst, Bildhauer und Reformpädagoge.  Mit Werkverzeichnis der plastischen Arbeiten, p. 164: WV Med 89.

Cf: Steguweit, Wolfgang.  2000.  Die Medaille und Gedenkmünze des 20. Jahrhunderts in Deutschland, p. 28: 17; plate 3 (obverse).


The Bördeverein der Bildenden Künstler und Kunstfreunde was founded in Magdeburg in 1912.  The Magdeburger Börde, a loess belt along the south-east rim of the North German Plain, is a central landscape feature near Magdeburg in Sachsen-Anhalt noted for its fertile soil.
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Maximilan Dasio / Josef Flossmann
« Last post by Rabenauge on March 27, 2020, 03:31:46 AM »

Maximilian Dasio.  1908. 

IO — ƧEF・FLOSSMANN・AETATIƧ・ƧVAE・XLVI・A・D・MCMVIII❀ (Josef Floßmann in the year of his age 46, AD 1908).  Cast bronze, medium-brown patina, 67.68 mm; 153.61 g.  Edge-punch ・I ・X — I.  Vorzüglich (extremely fine).

Obverse: Portrait profile head and collar bust of subject to left, hair and beard extending into double pearled borders enclosing title legend; artist's signature ・DAƧIO・PICT・ (pictor = artist) under collar-cut of the bust. 

Reverse: Naked Prometheus in profile left to right, lying upon rock, head thrown back, back arched, knees raised, shackled arms twisting in agony as eagle perches on his torso; inscription HOMINES FECISTI (you have made mankind) in exergue under rock ground line; artist's initial D— upper right; pearled rim.

Cf: Hofmann, Helga D.  1974.  Kleinplastik und figürliches Kunsthandwerk aus den Beständen des Münchner Stadtmuseums 1880 - 1930, pp. 32, 35: no. 16 (ill. reverse).

Cf: Weber, Ingrid S.  1985.  Maximilian Dasio 1864 - 1954: Münchner Maler Medailleur und Ministerialrat.  Staatliche Münzsammlung München, pp. 46 - 48: no. 35 (full-page illustration).

Cf: Salaschek, Sunhild.  1980.  Katalog der Medaillen und Plaketten des 19. und 20. Jahrhunderts im französischen und deutschen Sprachraum in der Hamburger Kunsthalle, I (text): pp. 82 -83: no. 326; II (Studien und Tafeln): pl. 24.

Cf: Heidemann, Martin.  1998.  Medaillenkunst in Deutschland von 1895 bis 1914. Die Kunstmedaille in Deutschland, Band 8, p. 131, 380 (ill): no. 133.


Josef Flossmann (1862 - 1914) was a Munich sculptor and artist colleague of Dasio.  Much of his sculpture was designed to be integrated into architecture in Munich and southern Germany.
30
Maximilan Dasio / Georg Hitl
« Last post by Rabenauge on March 27, 2020, 03:27:14 AM »

Maximilian Dasio.  1907. 

GEORG・HITL・SCHROBENHAVSEN・AETATIS・SVAE・XLIV・AD・MCMVII❀ (Georg Hitl, Schrobenhausen, in the year of his age 44, AD 1907).  Cast bronze, highly polished reddish patina, 71.81 mm, 114.74 g.  Vorzüglich (extremely fine), patina abraded on two areas of rim.

Obverse: Profile portrait bust in collar, coat and tie to left, filling field; stencil-cut title legend encircling edge. 

Reverse: Two mint workers at left and right leaning against a ball-drive screw coining press, worker at right examining medal held with both hands; legend NON VIDERI FA — CERE BONVM — FACERE HONOS ( ? ) broken by image as indicated encircling edge above blank exergue; artist's signature ・M・DAƧIO・ on foot of press; blank border connecting with exergue at edge.

Cf: Weber, Ingrid S.  1985.  Maximilian Dasio 1864 - 1954: Münchner Maler Medailleur und Ministerialrat.  Staatliche Münzsammlung München, pp. 102-103: no. 146.

Cf: Heidemann, Martin.  1998.  Medaillenkunst in Deutschland von 1895 bis 1914. Die Kunstmedaille in Deutschland, Band 8, p.152: no. 240.

Cf: Steguweit, Wolfgang.  2000.  Die Medaille und Gedenkmünze des 20. Jahrhunderts in Deutschland, p. 21: illustration 9.


Georg Hitl (1863 - 1923) was owner of the Carl Poellath Mint in Schrobenhausen, Bavaria.  This mint produced  numerous medals, both cast and struck, for a number of German, and especially Bavarian, medallists.
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