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August Gaul / Red Cross / eagle heads
« Last post by NetJohn on October 01, 2021, 04:38:21 PM »
(Thought I'd follow the same style of subject as the other posts!)

Cast iron medal by August Gaul, 1915.

This medal was a reward for donating at least 25 marks to the Red Cross in 1915. The obverse shows the heads of the Austrian double-headed eagle atop the head of the German heraldic eagle below a heading of "1914-1915". To the right of the German eagle is "DEUTSCHLAND" ("Germany") and to the left is "UND OESTERREICH UNGARN" ("and Austria-Hungary"), the two central powers.

On the reverse are two naked heroines back-to-back defending themselves and each other with swords, a "mythological" allegory for teamwork. The quote by Goethe "Zusammen haltet euren wert - und euch ist niemand gleich" is roughly translated as "Together you are stronger than others."

Cast iron, 57 mm.

[Attributions: Klose 7.4]
Reading Room / Re: Klose, Dietrich. Europas Verderben 1914 - 1918
« Last post by NetJohn on September 18, 2021, 01:41:50 PM »
Quick update. I successfully ordered from the link above, it was delivered very well packaged for a total of 40 euros shipped to the US.  Briefly flipping through, this is a very good reference book. It's not as complete as dedicated books such as Keinast (for Goetz) and Zetzmann, but it has a broad coverage and very good photos.

Very pleased to add it to by library. If you collect WW1 medals, I agree with Rabenauge above, this book is worth the cost.

F.W. Hörnlein / Book on Hornlein
« Last post by NetJohn on August 26, 2021, 07:49:38 PM »
Does anyone have a copy of "Friedrich Wilhelm Hörnlein" von Paul Arnold, Max Fischer und Ulli Arnold?

I can find copies on German eBay, but no one ships to the U.S. except for $30 USD+ shipping. I am thinking this may have some good information on his medals.

Open Topics / Main reason of collecting
« Last post by Ph_Rosso on June 11, 2021, 01:15:31 PM »
I am a new member. I collect Goetz medals. Last years I deal with the issue what is a main reason of collecting for you? Thanks in advance!
Hans Lindl / Re: Skagerrak
« Last post by NetJohn on September 06, 2020, 09:31:39 PM »
If you know of one for sale, please let me know.

Hans Lindl / Drei Verbund (Alliance of Three) Satirical Medal
« Last post by Haarmann on July 29, 2020, 10:35:29 PM »

Drei Verbund

Hans Lindl - 1914  Cast Bronze, uniface, incuse reverse, satirical medal, 69.0mm, 58.4g

A French coq, Russian bear, and British bulldog stand wounded and bandaged, the bear licking its wounds and the bulldog still dripping blood.

Lindl plays a word game here by spelling the term 'Dreiverbund' (alliance of three) with "Drei Verband".  The word "Verband" is ambiguous, as it can also mean "dressing/bandage" or, "The Three Bandaged'
Lotte Benter / Lord assist us!
« Last post by Rabenauge on June 07, 2020, 02:53:25 AM »

Lotte Benter.  1915. 

・MIT・GOTT・FÜR・KÖNIG・VND・VATERLAND・ (with God for king and fatherland).  Cast iron,  lightly blackened, 102.0 mm, 220.25 g.  Edge punch DS 55   5 (indicating [Freunde der] Deutsche Schaumünze [edition] 55, [cast number] 5).  Vorzüglich (extremely fine).  Scarce.

Obverse: High-relief bust of bearded Landsturm (Reserve) soldier in cloth-covered Pickelhaube to left with shouldered rifle; relief title legend upper edge; incised artist's signature LBenter 1915 lower right edge. 

Reverse: High-relief full-length figures, at left seated older woman to right reading open book (Bible or prayer book); next to her, standing younger woman three-quarters frontal, eyes cast down, hands folded in prayer; at lower right, young girl to left seated on stool; three-line relief inscription HERR / HILF / UNS! (Lord assist us!) upper right; incised artist's signature Lotte Benter lower right edge; raised rim.

Cf: Frankenhuis, M.  (1919?).  Catalogue of Medals - Medalets and Plaques Relative to the World War 1914 - 1919, p. 137: no. 1084.

Cf: Wipplinger, Eva.  1992.  Medaillenkünstlerinnen in Deutschland.  Staatliche Galerie Moritzburg Halle, p. 22, no. 1.

Cf: Steguweit, W.  1998.  Das Münzkabinett und die Förderung der Medaillenkunst: Künstlerbriefe 1914-1918 Medaillenedition (Das Kabinett 5), pp. 97- 98: no. 9; pl. 2 (example without edge-punch).

Cf: Weisser, Bernhard.  2014.  "Medailleure in Deutschland während des Ersten Weltkriegs, Teil 1: Bäuerle bis Bosselt," MünzenRevue Heft 7+8, pp. 153 - 159 (illustrated p. 156).  Online resource. 

Cf: Klose, Dietrich O. A.  2016.  Europas Verderben 1914 1918: Deutsche und österreichische Medaillen auf den Ersten Weltkrieg, pp. 139 - 140: 18.2.

According to Weisser (p. 156), citing Julius Menadier (Director of the Berlin Münzkabinett, and a friend of the medallist), the soldier's portrait on the obverse is that of an anonymous reserve soldier met on the street while on leave and chosen to represent the simple enlisted men in the war effort and supported by family members on the homefront.
Adolf Daumiller / Rule Britannia
« Last post by Rabenauge on June 05, 2020, 03:09:28 AM »

Adolf Daumiller.  1915. 

RVLE BRITANIA [sic] ALL / OVER THE WORLD / 1914 - 15.  Cast bronze, chocolate-brown patina, 47.8 mm, 61.8 g.  Vorzüglich (extremely fine).  Scarce.

Obverse: Head and neck profile stern-faced woman to left, three open-mouthed serpents emerging from hair to front, side and back; along left edge, two fish tail to tail; third fish head downward along right edge; artist's initials A. D. below neck of image. 

Reverse: Britannia as charioteer on ground-line at left, directing harnessed leonine monster with five human heads on serpent necks to right; three-line title inscription (Britannia misspelled) in exergue.

Cf: Schulman.  1916.  La Guerre Européenne, Catalogue LXV, p. 84: no. 819, illustrated (bronze example).

Cf: Frankenhuis, M.  (1919?)  Catalogue of Medals - Medalets and Plaques Relative to the World War 1914 - 1919, p. 171, no. 1438 (labeled as "Rule Britannia", i.e. spelling corrected).

Cf: Klose, Dietrich O. A.  2016.  Europas Verderben 1914 1918: Deutsche und österreichische Medaillen auf den Ersten Weltkrieg, pp. 113: no. 8.29 (iron example).

Cf: for another bronze example in the American Numismatic Society's collection.

Design derived from ancient Syracusan coins, e.g. decadrachm from the time of Dionysius I (405 - 367 BC).  The classical features of the nereid Arethusa on the ancient coin have been coarsened on the present medal to those of a Medusa-like Britannia, dolphins replaced by fish, and the racing quadriga with male charioteer on the reverse here becomes Britannia steering a polycephalous Britannic lion as her agent of world conquest.

Since Britain is assumed to be the charioteer, the heads of the monster likely represent (l - r) the other members of the Entente and Associated Powers in 1915: France, Russia, Italy, Japan, and perhaps Serbia or Belgium.
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